鑒於基礎註冊(FOUNDATION REGISTRATION)在國內一直都是一直有人在講,但很少人知道實際運作的機制,

在空閒時期翻譯了以下這篇文章,摘錄自TICA Great Lake區域官網中的實用資訊(Useful Info) ,以下皆用第一人稱翻譯,原文內容與版權皆屬於原作者。

網址: http://www.ticagreatlakes.com/useful_info.htm

 

在文末附上我的mentor,Cristy Bird女士當初為我解釋基礎註冊的信件,希望能讓大家有個明確的概念。

另外,想要精簡版的可以參考我之前的文章

(http://a468520.pixnet.net/blog/post/129692474)


________________________________________



FOUNDATION REGISTRATION - What is it, and how does it work?
(基礎註冊- 什麼是基礎註冊,它有效嗎?)

 

There are times when you may have issues getting a cat or kitten registered through the normal processes in TICA. A breeder dies before getting you the paperwork, someone stops returning phone calls, etc. I have heard many reasons during my time as Great Lakes Regional Director.


(有些時候,你可能在無法透過正常管道取得貓咪的登錄證,也許繁殖者在申請單前意外去世、有些人不再回應你的電話,諸如此類的狀況,在擔任Great lake區域總監的這段時間,我聽過很多不同的理由。)

 

TICA does have a process for getting these cats registered in what is called the Foundation Registry. The Foundation Registry Application is a form that three Allbreed judges need to sign that states that the cat or kitten sufficiently meets that standard as a breeding cat.


(TICA的確有為那些無法正常取得登錄證的貓做註冊的方法,稱為基礎註冊,基礎註冊的申請是透過一個表格,上面需要有三個全品種(AB)評審的簽名,確保那隻成貓/幼貓非常顯著的符合一隻繁殖等級貓咪的標準。)



Here is the process you would need to go through in order to try and "Foundation Register" a kitten or cat. Please keep in mind that in most breeds, the kitten itself, nor any of the offspring would be considered SBT Pedigreed until the 4th generation, and therefore could not be sold as SBT Pedigreed cats, nor could they be shown.


(如果你想嘗試為一隻成/幼貓做基礎註冊,以下是你需要做的事情。請謹記,在大多數的貓種中,不論是那隻貓本身,或是牠的後代,直到第四代之前都不會被視為一隻SBT族譜的貓,所以既不能被當SBT血統的貓出售,亦不能被展示。)

 

 

1. Find a show that is somewhere that you are able to go to, using the TICA show calendar, located at www.TICA.org .

(1. 找一場你能參加的貓展,可以在TICA的貓展日曆中尋找離你最近的貓展活動。)


2. Make sure that at least 3 Allbreed judges will be judging the show.

(2. 請確保那場貓展有至少三位能夠做AB裁判的評審)

 

3. Print out this form: http://www.tica.org/members/forms/registration/foundation_individual_registration.pdf

(3. 印出這張表格)



4. RECOMMENDED STEP: E-mail the Allbreed judges before you even enter the show to see if they would be open to evaluating the cat. They have no obligation to look at nor sign off on the cat at the show, so checking ahead of time will save you time and money. Your Regional Director can help you locate a show that has 3 Allbreed judges judging.

(4. 建議步驟: 在貓展前請寫信給AB評審,詢問他們是否願意幫忙評估貓隻。他們並沒有義務一定要為參賽者評估貓,也沒有義務要幫飼主簽名。所以在貓展前請先確認,確保你不會浪費時間與金錢,你的區域總監可以幫你找出有三個AB評審的貓展。)



5. Enter the show you have selected. Your cat will be entered as Exhibition Only, but will be required to pay the same fees as any other cat in the show. (Most shows cost about $6 per ring, and have 10-12 rings, so the fees are generally around $60-$80 per show) You will likely also want to purchase an extra 1/2 cage, so you cat will have room to relax. This generally costs around $25.

(5. 參加你所選擇的貓展,你的貓將以”純展示”的身分參賽 [註:在台灣又被稱為準登錄組],費用與一般成貓/幼貓/絕育組相同。)



6. Come to the show EARLY, with the cat, and set up your cage. (Check in generally starts at 7:30 am at most shows)

(6. 提早到達會場,安頓好你的比賽休息籠與參賽貓)



7. Introduce yourself to the judges that have agreed to evaluate the cat, and ask them to let you know when the best time is for them to evaluate him. He will not be on the regular judging schedule. Some may do it before the show, at lunch, or after they have finished judging for the day.

(7. 向之前答應幫忙評估的評審介紹自己,並詢問評審能夠協助評估貓隻的時間,評估貓隻的時間不會在正規的賽程上,有些評審會在賽前評估、有些在午休時間評估或是在比賽結束後評估。)



8. If you get the required 3 signatures, follow the instructions on the form you have printed out.



Please keep in mind that this is NOT an easy process. And it is NOT a guarantee that your cat will get the required signatures to be Foundation Registered.



You will have to explain the story behind having no registration papers over and over, and a lot of judges will not sign off on the kitten based on liability, in case the cat was not meant to be bred. Believe it or not, many people try this process when they buy a kitten as a pet with a spay or neuter agreement, then try to bypass the breeder in order to get "cheap" breeding rights, so judges are leery.

Please contact your Regional Director if you require further assistance or guidance through this process.

(8. 如果你取得了三個簽名,請遵照你印出的表格上的步驟進行。)

 

(請謹記,這不是一個簡單的過程,而且也不能保證你的貓一定能得到簽名並獲得基礎註冊。你必須一而再、再而三地重複解釋,為何你的貓沒有登錄證書,而大多數的評審基於責任,不會為貓隻簽名,避免那隻貓原先就不是用於繁殖,卻要拿來繁殖。信不信由你,許多人會購買寵物級的絕育貓咪,並許下絕育的承諾,卻又想用基礎註冊來取得繁殖權,由於這種旁門左道很多人嘗試,所以評審多半抱持的懷疑的態度。)

 

(如果你需要更多基礎註冊的資訊或協助的話,麻煩你與你的區域總監聯絡。)

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


以下是信件內容:

 


Hello Ru Xian,

Yes, it is possible to register a previously unregistered cat in any breed – any breed at all – if three allbreed judges are willing to sign this form:
http://www.tica.org/members/forms/registration/foundation_individual_registration.pdf


(是的,如果有三個AB評審願意簽署表格,那是有可能將一隻原先沒有任何註冊紀錄的貓咪重新註冊回品種登錄。)

 

However, judges do not have to sign the form. Most judges will refuse to sign the form unless there is an extremely good reason. First of all, if a cat’s pedigree is not known, there is no way to choose a good mate for the cat in the same breed. There is no way to know whether they are too closely related. There is no way to know if the cat may carry serious hidden genetic defects. And so on.


(然而,評審們不一定要簽署表格,大多數的評審會拒絕簽名,除非有非常好的理由為貓咪簽署。首先,如果一隻貓咪的族譜是未知的狀態,那就沒有辦法去為那隻貓咪選擇合適的配偶,也無從得知兩隻間的血緣關係是否太近、是否帶有嚴重的隱性基因缺陷等。)



There are many other reasons why judges do not like to sign the form. But they will do so if there is a very good reason. Also, some judges will sign the form to help people in a country where the cat fancy is very new. They know that it can be difficult to obtain authentic pedigreed cats in some remote areas, for example.


(評審不喜歡簽署這份表格有許多的理由,然而如果有很好的理由他們也會願意簽屬,而且,許多評審會因為貓咪所屬的國家的貓協正在起步階段,因此很難取得正式的官方血統書而幫貓咪簽署基礎註冊表格。)

Often breeders in other parts of the world will not have much respect for cats that are registered without an authentic pedigree. Therefore, it may not be helpful to start breeding with cats registered via the three judge process.


(通常其他國家的繁殖者並不會太尊重這些沒有正式文件而註冊的貓咪,所以透過基礎註冊法案而開始自己的貓舍其實不是很有幫助的。)



It does depend on the breed and the circumstances, however.


(然而,這取決於品種與當下的狀況。)



At any rate, when a cat is registered by having three judges sign the form, the cat will have a registration prefix that begins with “01T.” That means the cat is the first generation to be registered.


(無論如何,當一隻貓透過三個評審簽名法案註冊時,牠會取得”01T”的註冊碼,意即他是第一代有註冊的貓咪。)



TICA assigns breeds to categories. There are old, established breeds that go in category 1. There are “native or natural breeds” that go in category 2. Mutation breeds go in category 3. Breeds that are the result of crossing two different breeds go in category 4. Breeds that have nondomestic ancestors – such as the Bengal – start out in category 5, but eventually move to category 1.

 

(TICA依照類組的不同分配品種,如果是古老且已經確立的貓種會在第一類組,而自然、原生的貓種在第二類組,變異特徵的貓種在第三類組,兩種或兩種以上不同的家貓品種相互配種所產生的貓種在第四類組,而混合野貓與家貓的品種-如孟加拉貓,則在第五組。但他們最終都會移動到第一類組。)

註:目前SBT的孟加拉貓是歸類在第一類組,目前第五類組下無任何品種。



Each category has different registration and show rules. These rules are summarized in table 307 on page 27 of the Registration Rules:
http://www.tica.org/members/publications/reg_rules.pdf


(每個類組都有不同的註冊規則與參展規則,這些規章在註冊規則的第27頁,表307。)

If you look at table 307, you will see that the Maine Coon is in Category 1. You will also see that under category 1 it says “no unknowns.” That means that Maine Coons and other cats from category 1 breeds do not have full privileges when there are unknown cats in the pedigree within the most recent 3 generations.


(舉例來說,如果你看表307,你會發現緬因貓是位列於第一類組,你也會看到在第一類組下註明了不能有”未知祖先”,這代表緬因貓以及其他在第一類組的貓種若在最近三代內有未知祖先的話,無法享有完整的權限。)



And that means a 01T Maine Coon cannot be shown at TICA cat shows. It can be bred to other Maine Coons, and the kittens can be registered. But the cat and the cat’s kittens cannot be shown and do not have full status as a Maine Coon. The kittens produced by a 01T Maine Coon and another registered Maine Coon would be registered as 02T (second generation). If you then breed a 02T Maine Coon to a Maine Coon that is 02T, 03T, or SBT, the resulting kittens would be 03T.

 


(那代表了一隻01T的緬因貓不能在TICA貓展中被展示,牠可以與其他緬因貓配種,且小貓也能被註冊,但是小貓不能被展示,也不會被視為純種的緬因貓。而一隻01T的緬因貓與一隻已註冊的緬因貓的小貓會被註冊為02T,意即第二代有註冊的貓,而如果你將02T的緬因貓與02T、03T或SBT的緬因貓註冊,小貓則會註冊為03T。)


註:關於01T、02T、03T、SBT等註冊碼相關資訊請參考我之前的文章(http://a468520.pixnet.net/blog/post/129690527)



And then you would still have to breed one more generation. You would have to breed a 03T Maine Coon to another 03T Maine Coon (or to an SBT Maine Coon) to produce kittens that are SBT Maine Coons.


(而你仍需要繁殖再下一代的緬因貓,你必須將03T的緬因貓配上另一隻03T
或SBT的緬因貓,才能獲得SBT的緬因小貓。)



In category 1, only SBT Maine Coons can be shown at TICA cat shows. Only SBT Maine Coons have full privileges in the breed.


(在第一類組中,只有SBT的緬因貓能參與貓展,只有SBT的緬因貓才會被視為純種的緬因貓且享有完整的權限。)

The same would be true for all other category 1 breeds, such as the Siamese, the Bengal, and the Abyssinian.

(而對於其他第一類組的貓,諸如暹羅貓、孟加拉貓與阿比西尼亞貓來說亦同。)

That is important to understand. Even if a cat is registered via the three judge process, the cat may not be showable. In most breeds, a 01T cat can be bred, but cannot be shown.

(知道即使貓隻透過三個基礎註冊方案註冊成功也是不能參賽是非常重要的,而在多數的貓種中,01T的貓可以被拿來繁殖,但是不能參與貓展比賽。)

 


Cristy

 

大致上就是這樣,一般來說,基礎註冊最重要的是看貓隻本身是屬於哪一個類組,對於不同類組來說會有不同的註冊規範,但大多數貓種都是屬於第一類組,在基礎註冊下要取得完整的血統書是非常艱辛且長遠的路,而且必須謹記在心的是,TICA執行辦公室保有最後核發登錄證的權力,即使你透過基礎註冊的方式註冊了一隻貓,也無法確保牠的子代都能取得登錄證。而還有一點非常重要的是,請確保你讓評審簽署的是TICA所提供的制式表格,在TICA官網可以下載,畢竟這是有標準程序的……

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